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(207) 846-6515 H
H

(207) 846-6515

ORTHOPEDICS: ELBOW DYSPLASIA

ELBOW DYSPLASIA

Overview
- Dysplasia means abnormal development
- Elbow dysplasia includes multiple developmental abnormalities that lead to deformity, inflammation, and degeneration of the elbow
- Most common cause of foreleg lameness in large breed dogs
- Inherited at a high rate
- Large and giant breed dogs primarily affected - Labrador retrievers, golden retrievers, rottweilers, German Shephard dogs, Bernese Mountain dogs, Chow Chows, bearded collies, Newfoundlands
- Risk factors include high calorie diet and rapid growth and weight gain
- Occasionally occurs with other joint abnormalities, including hip dysplasia, osteochondrosis, and hypertrophic osteodystrophy

Signs
- Age of onset of signs typically 4-10 months, but can occur at any age; not all affected dogs show signs when young
- Onset of signs associated with degenerative joint disease (DJD), which is progressive and permanent deterioration of the cartilage in the elbow
- Intermittent or persistent lameness
- Pain when flexing or extending the elbow
- Leg held away from the body (abducted)
- Decreased range of motion of the joint
- Swelling of affected joints due to fluid production and/or abnormal cartilage and bone production

Treatment
- Surgery is controversial but usually recommended; severe djd negatively influences the outcome of surgery; the surgical technique(s) used depend on the abnormalities of the particular patient
- Weight control is very important; preventing obesity in the young patient decreases the incidence and severity of the problem, and, in the mature dog, it decreases the load and stress on the elbows
- Medical management of arthritis, using nsaids, pain control medications, nutraceuticals including glucosamine and chondroitin, therapy laser treatments
- Available now, stem cell therapy

Prognosis
- Fair to good for good to very good mobility
- Improved prognosis for patients with effectively managed arthritis
- Not curable

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Tuesday7:306:00
Wednesday7:306:00
Thursday7:306:00
Friday7:306:00
Saturday8:0012:00; Also, 4 pm Boarding Pick-up
Sunday4:00pmBoarding Pick-up
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6:00 6:00 6:00 6:00 6:00 12:00; Also, 4 pm Boarding Pick-up Boarding Pick-up