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(207) 846-6515 H
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(207) 846-6515

DENTAL: GINGIVITIS AND PERIODONTAL DISEASE

YVCipedia DENTISTRY
Gingival Hyperplasia

Basics
Overview
Enlargement of the gingival (gum) tissue

Genetics/Breeds
Probable familial tendancy in Boxers
Also Great Danes, Collies, Greyhounds, Doberman Pinschers, Dalmations

Signalment/Description of the patient
Dogs; rarely cats

Signs/Observed Changes
Thickening and increased height of the gingiva
Resultant increase in pocket depth (the space between the tooth and the gingiva
Usually most of gumline affected; sometimes small areas only

Causes
Chronic inflammation of the gingiva due to presence of bacteria in plaque on teeth
Other periodontal disease

Risk Factors
Breed prediliction (see above)
Chronic drug use - cyclosporine

Treatment
General Health Care
Annual dental cleanings and evaluations
Dental home care

Surgery
Gingivectomy - removal of the excessive gingival tissue to reduce height and return pocket depth to normal

Dentistry
Cleaning should accompany gingivectomy

Medications
Antibiotics
Pain management

Follow-up Care
Preventions and Avoidance
Regular dental cleaning
Rigorous dental home care

Complications
Excessive pocket depth predisposes to infection, inflammation, other periodontal disease
Excessive height predisposes the patient to chewing on the gums and difficulty eating

Expected Course/Prognosis
Good prognosis with appropriate care
Recurrence common; repeat gingiverctomy often required for management

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